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AP FACT CHECK: Trump’s claims in his State of Union address

WASHINGTON (AP) - The AP is fact-checking ready remarks from President Donald Trump’s State of the Union speech. Here’s a have a look at some of the claims we’ve tested:


TRUMP: “For decades, open borders have allowed drugs and gangs to pour into our most vulnerable communities.”

THE FACTS: “Open borders” is an exaggeration. Border arrests, an invaluable if imperfect gauge of unlawful crossings, have dropped sharply over the past decade.

The executive below Presidents George W. Bush and Barack Obama more or less doubled the ranks of the Border Patrol, and Bush prolonged fencing to hide just about one-third of the border right through his ultimate years in place of work. The Obama management deported greater than 2 million immigrants right through the 8 years he was once in place of work, greater than in earlier administrations.

Studies over a number of years have discovered immigrants are much less prone to dedicate crimes than other folks born in the United States.


TRUMP: “Under the current broken system, a single immigrant can bring in virtually unlimited numbers of distant relatives.”

THE FACTS: It’s no longer going down since the ready listing is see you later.

There is these days no watch for U.S. electorate to deliver spouses, kids below 21 and fogeys. But electorate will have to petition for siblings and grownup kids, and green-card card holders will have to do the similar for spouses and youngsters.

On Nov. 1, there have been four million other folks in line for family-based visas, in step with the State Department. The waits are longest for China, India, Mexico and the Philippines. In January, Mexican siblings of U.S. kids who implemented in November 1997 had been getting known as, a wait of greater than 20 years.

An immigrant may just theoretically deliver an uncle via bringing a mum or dad who then brings his sibling, however the wait can be interminable for many.


TRUMP: “We repealed the core of the disastrous Obamacare - the individual mandate is now gone.”

THE FACTS: No, it’s no longer long past. It’s going, in 2019. People who cross with out insurance coverage this 12 months are nonetheless topic to fines.

Congress did repeal the unpopular requirement that almost all Americans lift insurance coverage or possibility a tax penalty however that takes impact subsequent 12 months.

It’s a some distance cry from what Trump and the GOP-led Congress got down to do remaining 12 months, which was once to scrap maximum of the sweeping Obama-era well being legislation and substitute it with a Republican choice. The GOP blueprint would have left tens of millions extra Americans uninsured, making it much more unpopular than “Obamacare.”

Other primary portions of the overhaul stay in position, together with its Medicaid growth, protections for other folks with pre-existing stipulations, assured “essential” well being advantages, and backed non-public medical insurance for other folks with modest earning.


TRUMP: “Many car companies are now building and expanding plants in the United States - something we have not seen for decades.”

THE FACTS: He’s incorrect about fresh a long time. The auto business has continuously been opening and increasing factories since sooner than turned into president. Toyota opened its Mississippi manufacturing unit in 2011. Hyundai’s plant in Alabama dates to 2005. In 2010, Tesla totally bought and up to date an outdated manufacturing unit to supply its electrical automobiles.

Trump additionally declared that “Chrysler is moving a major plant from Mexico to Michigan.” That’s no longer precisely the case, both. Chrysler introduced it'll transfer manufacturing of heavy-duty pickup vehicles from Mexico to Michigan, however the plant isn't remaining in Mexico. It will get started generating different automobiles for world gross sales and no trade in its body of workers is predicted.


TRUMP: “Last year I pledged that we would work with our allies to extinguish ISIS from the face of the earth. One year later, I’m proud to report that the coalition to defeat ISIS has liberated almost 100 percent of the territory once held by these killers in Iraq and Syria. But there is much more work to be done. We will continue our fight until ISIS is defeated.”

THE FACTS: Although it’s true that the Islamic State has misplaced just about 100 p.c of the territory it held in Syria and Iraq when the U.S. started airstrikes in each international locations in 2014, Syria stays wracked via civil conflict, with a lot of that nation managed via the federal government of Russian best friend Syrian President Bashar Assad and no longer via U.S.-allied teams. The Iraqi executive has declared itself totally liberated from IS.

The growth cited via Trump didn't get started with his presidency. The U.S.-led coalition recaptured a lot land, together with a number of key towns in Iraq, sooner than he took place of work. And the attack on Mosul, which was once the extremists’ major stronghold in northern Iraq, was once begun right through the Obama management. But in the previous 12 months the counter-ISIS marketing campaign has speeded up, founded in large part at the means Trump inherited.

He’s proper that extra is still executed to get rid of IS as an extremist risk, even after it's been defeated militarily. The crew remains to be ready to encourage assaults in the West in response to its ideology, and it is making an attempt to make inroads in puts like Afghanistan and Libya.


TRUMP: “Our massive tax cuts provide tremendous relief for the middle class and small businesses.”

THE FACTS: That depends upon the way you outline “tremendous.” The largest beneficiaries from the tax legislation are rich Americans and companies.

Most Americans can pay much less in taxes this 12 months. The nonpartisan Tax Policy Center estimates that about 80 p.c of U.S. families gets a tax lower, with about 15 p.c seeing little trade and five p.c paying extra.

Middle-class families - outlined as the ones making between more or less $49,000 and $86,000 a 12 months - will see their tax expenses drop via about $930, the Tax Policy Center calculates. That will elevate their after-tax earning via 1.6 p.c.

The richest 1 p.c, in the meantime, will save $51,140, lifting their after-tax earning via three.four p.c, or greater than two times up to the center category.


TRUMP: “We are now an exporter of energy to the world.”

THE FACTS: There’s not anything new in that: The U.S. has lengthy exported all kinds of power, whilst uploading much more. If Trump supposed that the U.S. has grow to be a internet exporter of power, he’s speeding issues alongside. The U.S. Energy Information Agency tasks that the U.S. will grow to be a internet power exporter in the following decade, essentially as a result of of a increase in oil and gasoline manufacturing that started sooner than Trump’s presidency. The Trump White House has predicted that might occur quicker, via 2020. But that’s no longer “now.”


TRUMP: “We enacted the biggest tax cuts and reform in American history.”

THE FACTS: No more true now than in the numerous different occasions he has mentioned the similar. The December tax overhaul ranks at the back of Ronald Reagan’s in the early 1980s, post-World War II tax cuts and a minimum of a number of extra.

An research via the Committee for a Responsible Federal Budget in the autumn put Trump’s bundle because the 8th largest since 1918. As a share of the entire economic system, Reagan’s 1981 lower is the most important adopted via the 1945 rollback of taxes that financed World War II.

Valued at $1.five trillion over 10 years, the plan is certainly massive and dear. But it’s a lot smaller than at the beginning supposed. Back in the spring, it was once shaping up as a $five.five trillion bundle. Even then it might have best been the 0.33 biggest since 1940 as a proportion of gross home product.


TRUMP: “Since we passed tax cuts, roughly 3 million workers have already gotten tax cut bonuses - many of them thousands of dollars per worker.”

THE FACTS: This seems to be true, however will not be as spectacular because it sounds. According to a tally of public bulletins via Americans for Tax Reform, a conservative crew that supported the tax legislation, about three million staff have got bonuses, raises or better bills to their retirement accounts because the tax legislation was once signed.

That’s about 2 p.c of the greater than 154 million Americans with jobs. The Labor Department mentioned sooner than the tax bundle was once signed into legislation that 38 p.c of staff would most probably get some shape of bonus in 2017.

Few corporations have granted across-the-board pay raises, which Trump and GOP leaders promised would consequence from the lower in company tax charges integrated in the overhaul. Many, corresponding to Walmart and BB&T; Bank, mentioned they're going to lift their minimal wages. Walmart made an identical bulletins in 2015 and 2016.


TRUMP: “We have ended the war on American energy - and we have ended the war on clean coal.” -

THE FACTS: Energy manufacturing was once unleashed in previous administrations, specifically Barack Obama‘s, making accusations of a “war on energy” exhausting to maintain. Advances in hydraulic fracturing sooner than Trump turned into president made it economical to faucet huge reserves of herbal gasoline. Oil manufacturing additionally very much higher, lowering imports.

Before the 2016 presidential election, the U.S. for the primary time in a long time was once getting extra power regionally than it imports. Before Obama, George W. Bush was once no adversary of the power business.

One of Trump’s consequential movements as president in this entrance was once to approve the Keystone XL pipeline - a supply of international oil, from Canada.


Contributed via Associated Press writers Ricardo Alonso-Zaldivar, Elliott Spagat, Robert Burns, Josh Lederman, Calvin Woodward and Christopher Rugaber.


Find AP Fact Checks at http://apne.ws/2kbx8bd

Follow @APFactTake a look at on Twitter: https://twitter.com/APFactCheck


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